Sociologický ústav AV ČR, v.v.i., a katedra sociologie Institutu sociologických studií FSV UK si Vás dovolují pozvat na jarní cyklus Čtvrtečních sociologických seminářů.
More than two centuries ago, Thomas Jefferson asserted that "all men are created equal," yet reality begs to differ. From dating through court sentences and employment, individuals are discriminated based on their physical appearance, gender, ethnicity, and even by their psychological well-being. In all fields this discrimination carries troubling and long lasting consequences, but in politics, these consequences are paramount since it is through politics that legislative all-encompassing measures can be taken to ameliorate the problem. This lecture will present an overview of several methods and various studies I conducted over the last few years that explore how different types of discrimination manifest themselves in politics. Starting with minorities in the United States, I'll introduce a field study elaborating the ways in which Latinos are denied equal access to the ballot and its potential effect on elections. Since it is difficult to elicit honest answers when dealing with discriminatory attitudes, I'll present a list experiment designed to estimate the magnitude of gender discrimination in elections. Moving to physical appearance, several studies will show that physically attractive candidates get preferential treatment, both from the press and voters alike. A field experiment, conducted during the US national elections, will illustrate the inaccuracy of self-reported measures when compared to physiological measures and the need for the latter, as they may unravel one of the reasons why certain individuals abstain from voting and at the same time provide the solution to their abstention. Finally, preliminary data from a recent survey experiment conducted in Israel and the Czech Republic will show the extent of ethnic discrimination in the workforce and in politics.
Israel Waismel-Manor is a Senior Lecturer in the School of Political Science at the University of Haifa. His research focuses on political attitude formation and its effects on voting behavior. His current projects explore the ways in which non-verbal communication, physiological stress, institutional settings and new media influence political preferences and behavior. His research was published in such journals as the Journal of Communication, PLOS One, Public Opinion Quarterly, International Journal of Press and Politics, Political Communication, Political Behavior, and European Neuropsychopharmacology. Waismel-Manor have been a visiting professor at Stanford University and Cornell University, and his work has been featured in various media outlets including the New York Times, the Washington Times, the Huffington Post, the Jerusalem Post, and Haaretz.
Seminář se koná za finanční podpory projektu CSDA Research - Výzkumný program Českého sociálněvědního datového archivu: Česká republika v Mezinárodním programu sociálních šetření ISSP, výzkum kvality dat a zdrojů dat, financovaného programem Operační program Výzkum, vývoj a vzdělávání reg. č.: CZ.02.1.01/0.0/0.0/16_013/0001796.