Peer-reviewed journal article
Poláková, Markéta, Kostelecký, Tomáš

Povolání zvolených poslanců za první republiky a dnes

Poláková, Markéta, Kostelecký, Tomáš. 2016. „Povolání zvolených poslanců za první republiky a dnes.“ Středoevropské politické studie 18 (1): 1-30. ISSN 1212-7817. Dostupné z:

The article focuses on an analysis of the professions of Czech deputies in the interwar period and in the period after 1989. Based on the theoretical framework of representation we assume that voting decisions are influenced not only by party electoral programs, but also by the individual characteristics of candidates. Candidate professions may indicate whether they are considered to be sufficiently qualified and whether they are considered to represent the interests of voters. The aim of the article is to analyse the differences between two historical periods and the differences among parliamentary parties. The analysis proved that the structure of professions of parliamentary representatives changed dramatically over time. The professions of representatives in the interwar period tended to resemble the professions of their core voters, and hence were rather different across
political parties. In contrast, the professions of parliamentary representatives elected on the party list of different parties became rather similar after 1989. A clear tendency towards the emergence of professional politicians can be observed. A descriptive type of representation is on the decline.


politics (and political attitudes)
elections (and polls)