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This article examines secondary education in the Czech Republic between 2000 and 2010. We analyzed the consequences of educational expansion on odds to achieve secondary education with a school-leaving certificate (SLC) by social origin. We utilize the theories of maximally maintained inequality – MMI (Raftery & Hout, 1993) and effectively maintained inequality – EMI (Lucas, 2001). We analyzed data from PISA 2000 to 2009 for the Czech Republic. We support EMI theory against MMI.
The main objective of this paper is to show to what extent and why students with the same academic aptitude but different social backgrounds have different odds of entering university. For our analysis, we separated primary and secondary factors of social origin in the formation of educational inequalities (Boudon 1974). The results show that the primary and secondary factors have approximately the same influence on the transition to university.
This paper is pursuing two main objectives. Firstly, to map the impact of higher education on shaping literacy and numeracy cognitive competencies. And secondly, to compare the financial returns to tertiary bachelor and master education and cognitive skills acquired at this level of education among 17 countries participating in the international survey of adult skills PIAAC (2011 – 2012). Particular emphasis is placed on assessing the returns to various fields of study.
- Do Czechs want equality?
- Are Czechs a nation of grumblers?
- Are Czechs prejudiced?
- How do Czechs spend their time?
- What do Czechs think about migrants and do Czechs fear foreigners?
Price of the book 350 CZK or US$14 (552 pages)
Gender hierarchies in the scientific workforce reflect and reinforce relations of status and power in societies.
Kamila Fialová, Dana Hamplová, Martina Mysíková, Zdeněk R. Nešpor, Jiří Večerník (editor). Work, Values, Well-being. Czech Reality in a European Context. Prague, Institute of Sociology, Czech Academy of Sciences, 2016, 416 p.
Kniha přispívá k diskusi o podmínkách a okolnostech politické participace žen v ČR. Vychází z aktuálních dat kvantitativní i kvalitativní povahy. Představuje teoretické přístupy k uchopení problematiky žen v politice, zaměřuje se na zastoupení žen v politice v českém kontextu a na jeho vývoj, na názory a postoje české veřejnosti na ženy v politice a nástroje jejich podpory a věnuje se také životním a pracovním drahám vrcholových političek.
The Role of Human Capital in Labour Market Outcomes: A Comparative Study of Six European Nations Participating in the PIAAC Project.
Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to answer following question: what is the relationship between member activism performed through civil society organizations (CSOs) and individualized freelance activism (in form of online activism, everyday making, political consumerism or checkbook activism) independent of organizational framework? Is it a relationship of mutual competition or support?
Employees in many European countries do have at their disposal various working-time options. Shorter working hours, leave options and flexible working-time arrangements enable employees to adjust their working time to meet their needs over the life course. The current study presents new national studies on working time options over the life course in five European countries.