Completed project

Evropský sociální výzkum II

Project duration: 
2003 - 2004

Cílem projektu je podpora účasti ČR ve výzkumném programu Evropské nadace pro vědu (ESF) „Evropský sociální výzkum“ (European Social Survey - ESS), kterého se účastní také Belgie, Dánsko, Finsko, Francie, Irsko, Izrael, Itálie, Maďarsko, Německo, Nizozemsko, Norsko, Polsko, Portugalsko, Rakousko, Řecko, Slovinsko, Španělsko, Švédsko, Švýcarsko a Lichtenštejnsko, Lucembursko, Velká Británie a Turecko. V rámci ESS bude v roce 2004 provedeno druhé komparativní kvantitativní šetření zaměřené na monitorování hodnot, postojů, rysů a vzorců chování v současné evropské realitě.

Tematicky se program týká obecných hodnotových orientací (sociálně-politické hodnoty: levice-pravice, libertarianismus - autoritarianismus, materialismus – postmaterialismus, legitimita demokracie, důvěra v instituce, stranická afiliace a volební účast, …, náboženské hodnoty, morální hodnoty, atd.), kulturních a národních hodnot (občanství a národní identita, národní cítění: patriotismus-šovinismus, postoje a předsudky k lidem z jiných národních a kulturních skupin, postoje k nadnárodním mocenským strukturám: nacionalismus – supranacionalismus, postoje k Evropské unii, … postoje k migraci, atd.) a sociální struktury (sociální pozice jednotlivců – sociální třída, vzdělání, jeho profese, zkušenost s nezaměstnaností, sociální exkluze, atd.).

Topics: 
value orientations
Grant agency: 
Czech Science Foundation (GACR)

Project publications (total 6, displaying 1 - 6)

Řeháková, Blanka

The study acquaints readers with two methods of measuring value orientations developed by S.H.Schwartz. Attention is focused especially on the Portrait Values Questionnaire that was used in the European Social Survey in 2002 and 2004.

Topic:
value orientations, methodology
Department:
Value Orientations in Society
Type of publication:
Monograph
Hamplová, Dana

The article focuses on the relationship between marital status and life satisfaction in European countries. The first part discusses subjective evaluations of life satisfaction. The second part is devoted to empirical analyses of ESS data. The results show that married people are generally happier than other. This effect is not mediated by divorce rate in the society.

Topic:
human relations, family
Department:
Value Orientations in Society
Type of publication:
Article with impact factor
Vlachová, Klára, Tomáš Lebeda

In this article the authors describe what forms of political participation, outside the electoral process, the populations of twenty-one European countries tend to employ and to what degree. They identify three types of non-electoral political participation: active-conventional, active-demonstrational, and passive participation. The authors examine the social micro and macro-conditions related to these three types of political participation.

Topic:
civil society, politics (and political attitudes)
Department:
Value Orientations in Society
Type of publication:
Article with impact factor
Chaloupková, Jana, Petra Šalamounová

Based on data from the European Social Survey 2002, this chapter compares attitudes towards immigration across European countries. Using aggregated data about numbers and structure of immigrants in European countries and indicators of country’s economic situation, this chapter looks at the question whether attitudes towards immigration are related to country-level characteristics.

Topic:
value orientations, migration and mobility
Department:
Value Orientations in Society
Type of publication:
Chapter in monograph
Chaloupková, Jana, Petra Šalamounová

The article focuses on a comparison of attitudes towards migration in twenty European countries. It analyses data from the European Social Survey 2002. The first part of article contains a brief outline of current state of migration in Europe and a summary of the available sources of data on migration.

Topic:
migration and mobility
Department:
Value Orientations in Society
Type of publication:
Article with impact factor
Chaloupková, Jana

Drawing on data from ISSP 2002 the author examines whether the absolute and the relative time investment of men and women in household work in Czech household differs 1) according to time availability and constraints, 2) according to their income level in comparison with their partner, 3) according to their level of education, and whether these factors influence the way people evaluate their contribution to household work.

Topic:
work, family
Department:
Value Orientations in Society
Type of publication:
Article with impact factor

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