The beginning of the economic transition in all post-communist countries has caused a number of social problems. First, price liberalization has led to a general decrease in the purchasing power of incomes and thus has made an increasing part of the population vulnerable to poverty. Second, the reduced state monopoly and the start of privatization of big enterprises has resulted in unemployment, which was mostly unknown until this time. In addition to the “old poverty”, which especially endangered single headed or large families and the oldest pensioners, there is an emerging “new poverty” which stems from unemployment or the low adaptability of some households to the new conditions. Economically unstable households are those that are the least able to take advantage of the new possibilities and to mobilize alternative economic sources (e.g., transferring to the expansive segments of the labor market, utilizing secondary incomes, making use of old or newly acquired real estate, etc.).
Chapter in monograph
Changes in the rate and types of poverty: The Czech and Slovak Republics 1990-1993
Večerník, Jiří. 1997. „Changes in the rate and types of poverty: The Czech and Slovak Republics 1990-1993.“ Pp. 147-174 in Wagner, Gerd G., Notburga Ott (eds.). Income Inequality and Poverty in Eastern and Western Europe. Heidelberg: Physica. 253 s. ISBN 978-3-7908-0974-9.