The main objective of this paper is to show to what extent and why students with the same academic aptitude but different social backgrounds have different odds of entering university. For our analysis, we separated primary and secondary factors of social origin in the formation of educational inequalities (Boudon 1974). The results show that the primary and secondary factors have approximately the same influence on the transition to university. The Czech schools do not affect the process of forming educational aspirations and transition to university and merely ‘classify’ children according to their social origin. This situation emerged during the socialist era and has remained unchanged after the fall of communism (1989). However, the mechanism of the social origin effect has changed – while cultural capital with a “direct” impact had a major role to play during the socialist era, at present, there is a rather “indirect” influence through the economic capital.
Article with impact factor
Simonová, Natalie, Petr Soukup. 2015. „Impact of Primary and Secondary Social Origin Factors on the Transition to University in the Czech Republic.“ British Journal of Sociology of Education 36 (5): 707-728. ISSN 0142-5692.