After 1989, national identity became a major research topic in the social sciences. In the first half of the 1990´s, Europe experienced a series of events that brought attention of scientists to the issue of national identity - disintegration of multinational states of Central and Eastern Europe (Yugoslavia, Russia, Czechoslovakia), the unification of Germany, the Maastricht Treaty, and the two waves of enlargement of the European Union, the introduction of the European currency Euro and the abolition of many national currencies. These and many other events and processes (national problems in Belgium, Spain, the United Kingdom and Italy, and immigration from non-European countries) stimulated interest in the issue of national identity in the world. In 1995 ISSP research association carried out the comparative survey National Identity I in 23 countries, including the Czech Republic. National Identity II survey was repeated in 2003 in 34 countries, including the Czech Republic and its third wave of the survey (National Identity III) will be held in 2013. In 2013, the Czech Republic will be existing over twenty years and the theme of national identity belongs to the 8th Priority of the development of the Czech society, National policy of the Research and Development 2009 - 2015 (Theme 4 Czech identity and the World).
New international survey will bring valuable information about:
National identity as a collective identity
The perception of the characteristics of a nation (state nation, ethno-cultural nation)
Relation to the territorial and administrative entities (village/town, region, state, European Union, continent)
Attitudes towards immigration
Attitudes toward ethnic assimilation
Attitudes towards globalization
Knowledge of languages
Czech data file will be deposited in the CSDA at the Institute of Sociology AS CR, international data file will be distributed by the GESIS Data Archive.
Project publications (total 9, displaying 1 - 9)
Kniha je věnována národní identitě Čechů a Češek z různých pohledů. Lidé mají tolik sociálních identit, kolika sociálních skupin jsou členy. Hlavní pozornost je věnována sociální skupině zvané národ, sociálním emocím (národní hrdosti), které lidé k národu mají, národním předsudkům a stereotypům. Autorky a autoři knihy zkoumali, kdo je považován za opravdového Čecha či Češku, jaké postoje mají lidé k cizincům, kteří přicházejí pracovat a žít do České republiky.
Nations are viewed as metaphorical families having common ancestors. Czechs, for example, share the legend about a forefather Čech who brought his people into Czechia. Analysing the Czech ISSP 2013 data we examine how the importance of having Czech descent depends on Christian denomination, openness towards immigration, perceived commonality with ‘significant Others’, foreign-born parents, and socio-demographics.