The project aims to increase the knowledge about the perceptions of the relation between the political and distributive systems legitimacy. It also focuses on problems of social inequalities and social capital. The instruments used and the inclusion into an international network enable these issues to be approached from a temporal comparative perspective: the changes in the perceptions in the Czech society, several post-communist and West European societies since the beginning of the 1990´s are compared.
Publikace vydané v rámci projektu (celkem 25, zobrazeno 1 - 10)
The book analyses four main dimensions of attitudes towards political regime and its institutions and describes changes in the attitudes within the Czech society between 1996 and 2006. These attitudinal dimensions are regime legitimacy, institutional disaffection, individual disaffection and political dissatisfaction.
The book has following major objectives: (1) to provide an overview of the criteria of quality considered desirable in sample surveys; (2) to evaluate the survey climate in the Czech Republic; and (3) to perform an in-depth analysis of two key topics: the nonresponse problem in sample surveys in the Czech Republic, and the quality of election polls in the Czech case.
Text investigates into the sources of differences in estimates of party identification in two european surveys conducted in the same time. This research helps answer question about the nature of relationship between voters and parties. Volatility in the answers about the party closeness is influenced by the short-term (election caimpaign) and long-term factors (electoral systém, role of president in the system, support for democracy).
Text analyses low turnout in the European Parliament elections in 2004 in the Czech Republic and analyses the differences from turnout in 2002 national election. Main impact on turnout had sources in terms of political experience (age, social integration as measured by urbanization). Lower turnout was measured among those who go to the church.
Text tests the second-order-national-election thesis in the Czech Republic. The authors analyses two data files about voting behavoir: post-election survey EES 2004 and electoral returns from constituencies. They showed that majority of features of Euroepan Parliament election is in tune with second-ordernational-election thesis. Empirical data presented in the text suggest some important broadenings of the theory. This is shown as four new hypothesis.
Text analyses reasons of abstaintion in 2006 election to the Chamber of Deputies. The main source of abstaintion lies in the feeling that people have no say in the political process. The abstaintion is mainly voluntary and is of long-term nature. Electoral participation is connected also with disposition of sources like time, knowledge, education or finance.
Text analyses the effect of turnout on the party support of different parties in the Czech Republic. After introduction of the main theories and research strategies of partisan effects of turnout hypotheses concerning this issue are tested. The results show that higher turnout is advantageous for the parties whose voters lack strong party identification (ČSSD and the Green Party).
Text analyzes sources and nature of one of the best predictors of party choice: tha party identification. Firstly, the level and intensity of party identification is analyzed for each party; the most identified voters are found among those of KSČM, KDU-ČSL and ODS. Secondly, the authors showed the sources of those identities whithin the family. Those who live together in the marriage or partnership have higher level of party identification and agree on party choice.
Text analyses factors which influenced the party choice in the 2006 Chamber of Deputies elections. The authors found out that for Czech voters the left-right ideological orientation is very important. Voters choose parties according to their position on various issues. This relationship between party choice and attitudes is strong mainly for those issues which load the left-right orientation. Party sympathy and leadership effects were even more stronger for party choice than issue voting.
The text summarizes the reasons behind voter turnout and vote choice in 2006 Chamber of Deputies election. It illustrates similarity of abstainers and undecided voters whose role in elections increases. It also compares different models of vote choice and shows that the strongest explanation is provided by party identification, issue voting and leadership effects. The effect of class on voting is negligible.