Article with impact factor
Vlachová, Klára, Tomáš Lebeda

Aktivní občanství a spokojenost s demokracií v Evropě

Vlachová, Klára, Tomáš Lebeda. 2006. „Aktivní občanství a spokojenost s demokracií v Evropě.“ Sociologický časopis / Czech Sociological Review 42 (1): 11–34. ISSN 0038-0288.

In this article the authors describe what forms of political participation, outside the electoral process, the populations of twenty-one European countries tend to employ and to what degree. They identify three types of non-electoral political participation: active-conventional, active-demonstrational, and passive participation. The authors examine the social micro and macro-conditions related to these three types of political participation.


civil society
politics (and political attitudes)