Peer-reviewed journal article
Nešpor, Zdeněk R. 2010. „Evangelické kalendáře v ‚dlouhém‘ 19. století.“ Český lid. Etnologický časopis 97 (2): 113-143. ISSN 0009-0794.

The almanacs represented an important source and constituent part of
the popular culture in the „long“ nineteenth century. The text focuses on the by
now slightly studied almanacs of Czech Protestants and, as a supplement, also
contains its register. First Protestant calendars were published after the authorization
of Protestant denominations at the end of the eighteenth century, but due to
the economic weakness of these minorities soon ceased to exist. The next wave
of their publishing was connected with liberalism of the middle of the nineteenth
century and the social emancipation of Protestants. But the defeat of the revolution
of 1848 again caused their demise. Systematic publishing of Protestant
almanacs took place only in the last third of the nineteenth century, when their
principal role was the gradual deepening of the confessional consciousness. From
the beginning of the twentieth century these almanacs were used in the efforts for
uniting of Czech Lutheran and Reformed Churches. This union was realized after
the constitution of Czechoslovakia in the year 1918. Later Protestant almanacs
were mostly regular ecclesiastical yearbooks without broader implications.


religion and religiosity
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