In the last two decades, there have been major changes in the forms of private (partnership and family) life in the Czech Republic (CR). Several research projects focused on their patterns; we will add a life course perspective to perform their in-depth analysis. The aim is to explain the changes in partnership and family forms and identify problems and their causes in work-life balance in the contemporary CR in the view of life course. It will enable us to study private life and its combining with work life in terms of sequencing, timing, and meanings of life events in biographical, social, and historical times. Life course will be studied quantitatively (sequencing, timing) and qualitatively (meanings) with focus on the explanation of inter-generation differences and variations between socio-economically, demographically, culturally, regionally differentiated populations. The project will provide explanation of structurally and institutionally based diversification and of new norms on private life arrangements, combining of work and care, and of the resulting needs and risks.
Publikace vydané v rámci projektu (celkem 43, zobrazeno 1 - 10)
In a European comparison, the Czech Republic is one of the countries where motherhood has the biggest negative impact on women’s employment participation. Some researchers explain this situation as resulting from Czech mothers’ preferences for a long‑term interruption to their labour market participation. Others stress that preferences are structurally and culturally embedded and identify barriers to the return of Czech mothers to the labour market.
Tanulmányunkban három ország (Csehország, Magyarország és Szlovénia) esetén keresztül vizsgáljuk a poszt-szocialista országok közötti hasonlóságokat és különbségeket a rendszerváltás utáni időszakban, de főleg az EU-csatlakozás idején (2000–2005) a nemek és munkaerőpiac szempontjából.
Authors of the book reveal and deconstruct seven myths that block open discussion and reforms in the area of childcare policy in the Czech Republic, and formulate the principles of non-discriminatory childcare policy.
In this chapter the authors name seven myths that they have identified in Czech society, which block development of Czech childcare policy.
Based on analysis of historical documents the author deconstructs the myth strongly held in the Czech Republic that nurseries are communist invention, and analyzes their operation in Czechoslovakia before 1989.
The chapter reveals that the myth that children below the age of three do not benefit from quality daycare is not based on current scientific knowledge and that the myth does not exist in all countries.
Public opinion research shows that most Czechs think children should stay at home the first three years. But the situation is more complicated and filled with contradictions.
This chapter presents a short overview of childcare policies implemented in Scandinavian countries, France and Germany, and shows that these policies stem from different ideologies. Based on an institutional analysis the authors then discuss the ways in which Czech conservatives have managed to gain great influence over Czech childcare policy.
This chapter summarizes results of previous analysis that led the authors to identifying and deconstructing seven myths on childcare that prevail in the Czech Republic. Based on arguments introduced in previous chapters this chapter offers also authors´ recommendations to Czech childcare policy.
The area that comprises today’s Czech Republic has a long and rich history of providing childcare facilities to preschool children. Kindergartens continue to be popular to this day and at present almost all Czech children attend these facilities. On the other hand, nurseries nearly vanished in the Czech Republic.