In the last two decades, there have been major changes in the forms of private (partnership and family) life in the Czech Republic (CR). Several research projects focused on their patterns; we will add a life course perspective to perform their in-depth analysis. The aim is to explain the changes in partnership and family forms and identify problems and their causes in work-life balance in the contemporary CR in the view of life course. It will enable us to study private life and its combining with work life in terms of sequencing, timing, and meanings of life events in biographical, social, and historical times. Life course will be studied quantitatively (sequencing, timing) and qualitatively (meanings) with focus on the explanation of inter-generation differences and variations between socio-economically, demographically, culturally, regionally differentiated populations. The project will provide explanation of structurally and institutionally based diversification and of new norms on private life arrangements, combining of work and care, and of the resulting needs and risks.
Publikace vydané v rámci projektu (celkem 43, zobrazeno 21 - 30)
The paper focuses on the differences between marriage and unmarried cohabitations in the terms of their stability. We study the impact of various factors on the stability of marriages and unmarried cohabitations taking into account the different socio-demographic indicators. The paper is based on the quantitative data from the research "Life-course 2010" that included 4010 respondents. We approached to the analysis via event history method.
The article focuses on analyzing the institution of hired domestic care in the context of global connections of social relations and changing social forms of care. In the first part, the author introduces the social context in which the market model of care and transnational care practices partake in forming the process of distorted emancipation.
The author develops a critical diagnosis of the changing interpretations of the concept of emancipation of women due to broader socio-economic transformations and expansion of the market into most domains of social life. In the first part she briefly outlines the historical context in which the feminist emancipation claims were put into practice.
The author focuses on a critical theory of justice and democracy by Iris M. Young. Young's normative approach to justice and the institutional framework of inclusive democracy develops out of her critique of injustice. In the first part the author explains Young's approach to structural injustice, which she conceptualizes in terms of domination and oppression. In the second part the author elucidates Young's concept of the politics of difference and inclusive democracy.
The findings reveal the ambivalent nature of part-time work in the Czech Republic. On one hand, part-time contracts are used in terms of positive flexibility – as a tool for women to combine working life with care for small children. On the other hand, the results show, that part-time work is predominant among groups marginalized in the labour and these jobs are therefore associated with lower level of security and higher risk of poverty.
The paper focuses on perceptions and constructions of sexual harassment by students and the gap between students’ individual definitions and expert definitions of sexual harassment. The paper centres on two main research questions: i) how do studentsperceive sexual harassment and ii) what are the factors and dimensions that contribute to particular behaviour being labelled assexual harassment? The study is based on qualitative in-depth interviews with students.
This article considers women’s and men’s roles in the labour market and the different ways in which care-work is shared inSlovenia and the Czech Republic.
The focus of this research paper is on women in managerial positions within organisations in the Czech Republic. The paper draws on theories of gendered power relations in organisations and their management, an intersectional approach to gender inequalities, and, methodologically, a biographical approach to gender sociology. As a case study, its data was gathered through biographical interviews with female managers within the same company.
The paper traces the contexts and processes of gender inequality and gender discrimination in the Czech labour market. The primary innovation of the research is the use of qualitative sociological methodology. Quantitative sociological research alone has thus far been unable to uncover the factors, contexts and actors´ understandings of gender inequality and discrimination.
Drawing on 48 biographic narratives, I examine the decisions post-1989 Czech mothers made about when and how to combine caring for children with making a living.