The measures to mitigate the spread of the COVID-19 pandemic in 2020 and the economic “freezing” and recession of the global economy afterwards incur important social and economic costs that are distributed unequally among different social groups. The project analyses the impacts of the pandemic in the Czech Republic from the gender and intersectional perspective. It focuses on the micro-social level of individuals and households with care responsibilities (care for children, the elderly and the sick in the informal sector, and health and social care in the formal sector), and on the intersections of characteristics that contribute to increased vulnerability in the situation of crisis (precarious forms of work, self-employment, single motherhood). It combines qualitative intersectional research methodology with theoretical scholarship and triangulation with statistical data. The research contributes to theoretical discussions on the recognition and valuation of care and to the theoretical and methodological development of the intersectional approach in research on societal crises.
Project website: genderingcovid.soc.cas.cz
Publikace vydané v rámci projektu (celkem 4, zobrazeno 1 - 4)
The Covid-19 pandemic had a particularly severe impact on people in a vulnerable position, such as solo mothers living alone with their children. In this article I use an intersectional approach in order to understand how their different positions in life affected their ability to cope with the crisis situation.
The article ties in with the scholarship on the impact of the Covid-19 pandemic on gender equality. Based on a qualitative analysis of interviews with parents of children under 12, we examine the processes that led to the increase or dismantling of the gender division of labour in families during the first nationwide lockdown.
The article addresses the influence of parenthood on the gender pay gap (GPG). The linked employer − employee data available that is suitable for a detailed GPG analysis, does not include parenthood in Czechia. It is thus possible to examine the relationship between the GPG and parenthood via this data only indirectly through the use of data on age.
The pandemic highlighted the importance of both formal and informal care and magnified gender inequalities in this area. Women were more represented in care-related frontline professions (including nurses), but they were also more often responsible for providing childcare when institutions (especially schools and nurseries) were closed.