The project will reveal, quantify and analyze actual regional disparities (among regions NUTS 3) in availability and affordability of housing in the Czech Republic. The time series describing the development of such disparities will be provided. The project will also analyse the influence of changes in housing conditions, in general, and the changes in regional disparities in housing conditions (availability and affordability of housing), in particular, on their potential selected socio-economic consequences. In this respect the project will use the original new methodology for measurement of availability and affordability of housing that reflects the particular situation in transitional countries.
The goal of the project is also to identify such factors that, on one side, influence the level of availability and affordability of housing and their regional disparities, and, on the second side, may be effectively shaped by public interventions. The goal is to propose such effective and efficient measures (tools) that would:
- increase availability and affordability of housing;
- decrease the regional disparities in availability and affordability of housing;
- decrease negative socio-economic consequences of low availability and affordability of housing and high regional disparities in availability and affordability of housing - especially consequences on demographic behaviour patterns of young generation, flexibility of labour and spatial social segregation of households endangered by unaffordability of housing;
- increase availability of particular types of housing especially in regions where there is high discrepance between housing supply and housing need (housing demand) of particular types of housing;
- increase availability of housing through particular effective and efficient tools on housing refurbishment;
- increase availability of housing through the introduction of new forms of rental housing.
Publikace vydané v rámci projektu (celkem 35, zobrazeno 1 - 10)
The objective of the book is to inform social sector practitioners, policy makers, government officials and analysts about the specific features of housing market operation and discuss the role of housing policy in general and in the Czech Republic in particular. In the second section, the book offers three best practices (innovations) that are suitable for application in the Czech housing policy context.
Chapter describes housing as a specific part of market economy. The basic microeconomic theses are followed by principles and specific features of housing as a good that cause housing market rigidity and inefficiency. The chapter also describes different forms of house prices indices and gives a methodological overview of how changes in house prices (booms and busts) can be explained and how house price bubbles emerge.
The chapter describes a proposal for implementation of social and guaranteed housing in the Czech Republic. Target groups of households are defined. Although they are generally eligible for housing allowances, due to discrimination on the Czech housing market they face social and spatial segregation. New system of social and guaranteed housing should help them to acquire long-term, qualitatively adequate and spatially non-excluded rental housing.
The chapter introduces new housing policy tools proposed in connection to economic crisis. The first one is the “temporary bridging loan for homeowners repaying mortgage loans”, who were caught in defaults because of the crisis. The effectiveness of the tool, target groups and basic principles of application are discussed. The second tool is the “educational programme for managers of the housing stock”, which should lead to more effective management and renovation of the housing stock.
The book presents the results of analyses of trends in regional differences both in affordability and availability of housing and their causes in between 2000 and 2006 in the Czech Republic. The housing affordability analysis uses new original methodology of measurement. In the field of housing availability the authors recommend the radical change of perspective used for its evaluation and methodological changes for the next census.
The goal of the chapter was to describe the trends in regional differences in the rental housing affordability for different types and clusters of households in the Czech Republic between 2000 and 2006, and to summarize the main socio-economic consequences of this development.
Czech Regions are very different in terms of affordability of ownership housing because regional differences in prices are larger that regional differences in household incomes. Ownership housing is the least affordable in Prague and South Moravia while the most affordable in Usti and Moravia-Silesia Regions. Analysis of data from period 2000-2006 proved that affordability of ownership housing is quickly changing over time.
The goal of the chapter is to present the conclusions from the statistical analysis of associations between the trends in regional differences in financial affordability of housing and trends in economic performance of regions in the Czech Republic.