The project aims at corroborating the “value lag hypothesis,” according which further consolidation of the social stratification system in the Czech Republic will depend more on the crystallization of its normative background (values and norms) rather than on development in its objective dimension (inequality). Prior research carried out by the principal investigator and his team shows that the social stratification system in the Czech Republic has gone through three key phases, with each phase involving different dynamics in its objective and subjective dimensions. Both the secondary data analysis and new comparative survey planned to be carried out in 2009 will be used to assess the validity of the assumption that while the economic transition has almost reached completion, the ‘value transition’ towards a system of meritocratic beliefs has not. This tension in the stratification system may be the underlying cause of a wide range of significant social and political phenomena, such as widespread negative attitudes towards economic elites, the continued strong role of reciprocity networks, rampant corruption, and eroded patterns of beliefs about life-success among both the adult population and adolescents.
Publikace vydané v rámci projektu (celkem 19, zobrazeno 1 - 10)
The monograph describes the major turning points in the research of educational inequalities, presents basic quantitative data regarding transition to higher education in the Czech Republic, and summarizes the development of educational inequalities in access to secondary and tertiary education. It also provides a new analysis of intergenerational transmission of educational attainment from the parents to their children, using mobility tables and log-linear models.
The aim of the book is to capture the inequalities associated with positions on the Czech labour market (class inequalities) from the intergenerational perspective and to show their trends and transformation. The book tries to answer the question of how social change influenced these inequalities between 1989 and 2009 (from socialism to capitalism).
This article traces the effect of socio-economic, cultural, and gender factors on the reproduction of educational inequalities in access to tertiary education in the Czech Republic, Switzerland, Germany, Poland, and Sweden. While this text follows up on previous analyses, the authors also pursue two new directions of inquiry: 1) an international comparison, and 2) an update of the development of inequalities in all the mentioned countries since 2002.
The aim of the article is to identify the trend in educational fluidity in the Czech Republic between 1990 and 2009 and offer an explanation for it. The authors analyse trends in educational fluidity from a period and birth cohort perspective. The findings show that educational fluidity did not increase in Czech society between 1990 and 2003. From 2004 to 2009 this trend changed and a slight increase in educational fluidity became evident.
The article traces the effect of socio-economic, cultural, and gender factors on the reproduction of educational inequalities in access to tertiary education in the Czech Republic, Switzerland, Germany, Poland, and Sweden. The results revealed that the access to tertiary education is determined most by the cultural component of social background (the father’s education) in the Czech Republic. The country closest to the Czech Republic in this regard is Switzerland.
The article explains educational reproduction in the Czech Lands between 1906 and 2003 from the perspective of educational mobility. The analysis is based on observations of the intergenerational transmission of educational status in two educational transitions between three educational levels (lower secondary, upper secondary, and higher education).
Editorial describes the contents of the forth number of sociological webzin SOCIOWeb (2010), which is devoted to the theme of sociology of education. The contributions aim to show e.g.
Zpráva se zabývá výzkumem SIALS (Second International Adult Literacy Survey) 1998, který byl druhou vlnou Mezinárodního výzkumu gramotnosti dospělých (IALS) z roku 1994. Ukazuje základní výsledky funkční gramotnosti dospělých (literární, dokumentové a numerické) v České republice v mezinárodním srovnání.
Editorial describes the contents of the sixth number of a sociological webzin SOCIOWeb (2009), which is devoted to the theme of unequal access to education. The contributions aim to show, that the structure of educational system can mean either the lift to a better life, either the brake for his acquirement. This number of Socioweb focuses on the transition between secondary and university education in the Czech Republic.
V textu si autoři položili otázku, jaký vliv má mezigenerační přenos ekonomických, sociálních a kulturních zdrojů rodiny na šance mladých lidí úspěšně přejít na vysokou školu, tedy dosáhnout nejvyššího vzdělanostního statusu. K analýze byla použita data z longitudinálního výzkumu PISA-L, který je doplňkovým šetřením výzkumu PISA (Programme for International Student Assessment) a který provádí oddělení Sociologie vzdělání a stratifikace SOÚ AV ČR, v.v