Completed project

Socio-spatial disadvantage of inhabitants in peripheral rural regions

Project duration: 
2015 - 2017

The project addresses the issue of social disadvantage of inhabitants of peripheral rural regions.

Social disadvantage usually entails a spatial component. The spatial concentration of social disadvantage, exclusion and deprivation and the socio-spatial mechanisms that influence disadvantage are among the fundamental themes of sociological and geographical research. This project contributes to a better understanding of social disadvantage in peripheral rural areas in the Czech Republic, its mechanisms, reproduction and manifestation.

Its aim is to contribute to the knowledge of rural social disadvantage by identifying peripheral rural micro-regions in the Czech Republic, through studying the life circumstances of inhabitants located in these micro-regions, comparing them to the life circumstances of inhabitants from other types of regions (urbanized regions and the non-marginalized countryside) and by examining the mechanisms contributing to the social disadvantage of inhabitants from peripheral regions and potentially to their social exclusion.

At the theoretical level, the project will rely on the conceptualization of rural social exclusion as a failure of societal integration mechanisms (Shucksmith, Chapman 1998, Philip, Shucksmith, 2003, Reimer 2004); on the theory of neighbourhood effects (Wilson 1987) and on the theory of “household practices/strategies” materialized by households facing difficult economic conditions (Meert 2000, Smith 2000).

 

 

Topics: 
urban and rural studies
regions
social inequalities
standard of living
Grant agency: 
Czech Science Foundation (GACR)

Project publications (total 10, displaying 1 - 10)

Šimon, Martin, Bernard, Josef

The development of the Czech countryside differs in many ways from trajectories typical for Eastern and Central European rural areas in the last 25 years. In our article, we discuss the nature of the ‘Czech exceptionalism’, with reference to three examples, namely population development, the dynamics of rural/agricultural labour markets and rural governance.

Topic:
urban and rural studies, migration and mobility, regions, social inequalities, sociologická teorie, public administration
Department:
Local and regional studies
Type of publication:
Article with impact factor
Bernard, Josef, Šimon, Martin

The spatial concentration of social disadvantage in rural areas not only poses a risk to social cohesion but also represents a challenge for public policy. This article draws on a multidimensional concept of disadvantage to study spatial aspects of disadvantage in Czech rural areas. Current studies aimed at identifying ‘inner peripheries’ as areas with an increased risk of social exclusion fail to distinguish between different forms of disadvantage.

Topic:
trust/social cohesion, urban and rural studies, migration and mobility, wages and incomes, age and ageing, public policy, standard of living
Department:
Local and regional studies
Type of publication:
Article with impact factor
Šimon, Martin

A key issue in socio-economic geography is to understand how regional and social polarisation shapes the territorial organisation of society. We argue that effects of polarisation are not translated simply and straightforwardly in a whole region, but vary to a large extent with respect to different types of accessibility areas. We applied the time-accessibility framework to classify a territory into urban, peri-urban, rural, and remote rural areas at a national and regional scale.

Topic:
urban and rural studies, methodology, regions, social inequalities, transformation, education
Department:
Local and regional studies
Type of publication:
Article with impact factor
Šimon, Martin

Studium mechanismů, které mohou narušovat sociální soudržnost společnosti, patří mezi základní témata sociologického výzkumu. Riziko sociálního znevýhodnění je ovlivněno dominantně individuálními faktory, ale síla působení těchto faktorů závisí na prostředí, kde obyvatelé žijí. V Česku dochází ke kumulaci různých forem sociálního znevýhodnění ve venkovském území.

Topic:
urban and rural studies, methodology, wages and incomes, regions, social inequalities, public policy, public administration, standard of living
Department:
Local and regional studies
Type of publication:
Other publication
Šimon, Martin

Předchozí výzkum periferních území umožnil identifikovat některá problémová území a zacílit pozornost na jejich studium. Nicméně se jednalo většinou o vymezení jednoho typu periferního území. Uživatel výzkumu tak nemohl identifikovat, zdali je perifernost území způsobována nedostatkem pracovních příležitostí, nebo komplikovanou demografickou situací, nebo nevyhovujícím bytovým fondem.

Topic:
history of sociology, urban and rural studies, methodology, wages and incomes, regions, social inequalities, public policy, public administration, standard of living
Department:
Local and regional studies
Type of publication:
Other publication
Bernard, J. (ed.), Kostelecký, T., Mikešová, R., Šafr, J., Šimon, M., Trlifajová, L., Hurrle, J.

Kniha osmi autorek a autorů se zabývá životními podmínkami obyvatel venkovských periferií v Česku. Klade si zejména otázku, jestli bydlení v periferiích zvyšuje riziko různých forem sociálního znevýhodnění. Zkoumá postavení obyvatel venkovských periferií na trhu práce, jejich příjmy a možnosti zaměstnání. Zabývá se problematikou vzdělání a ptá se, jestli děti vyrůstající v periferiích mají stejné možnosti získání kvalitního vzdělání jako ostatní.

Topic:
housing, urban and rural studies, lifestyle, standard of living
Department:
Local and regional studies
Type of publication:
Monograph
Bernard, Josef, Šafr, Jiří

In this article, we argue that similarly to the literature on urban neighbourhood effects, the idea of disadvantaging residential environment can be used to explain the socio-economic disadvantage of residents in rural peripheries. We present arguments as to why it is appropriate to consider the effects of the residential environment in a micro-regional perspective and outside of metropolitan areas. These effects are empirically analysed using income related data from the Czech Republic.

Topic:
economics, urban and rural studies, wages and incomes, regions, social inequalities
Department:
Local and regional studies
Type of publication:
Article with impact factor
Bernard, Josef

The article focuses on arrangements of family life in rural peripheries and deals with the specific constraints faced by families with children in peripheral localities. The impact of the peripheral residential environment in terms of locally embodied opportunities on the parental choices and its interactions with familial ambitions and resources is highlighted, particularly in three domains: elementary school choice, extracurricular activities, care-work reconciliation.

Topic:
housing, urban and rural studies, regions, parenting, family
Department:
Local and regional studies
Type of publication:
Article with impact factor
Bernard, Josef

This article contributes to the rural-urban quality of life comparison issue by investigating territorial differences in quality of life using indices of poverty, satisfaction and opportunity deprivation. The article introduces three innovative elements.

Topic:
housing, urban and rural studies, regions, social inequalities, standard of living
Department:
Local and regional studies
Type of publication:
Peer-reviewed journal article
Bernard, Josef, Decker, Anja, Vojtíšková, Kateřina, Mikešová, Renáta

In the article, manifestations of social disadvantage in peripheral rural settings in the Czech Republic are investigated. Based on the theory of local opportunity structures, the authors identify various aspects of the spatial context that intersect with individual handicaps of people and their households and contribute to poverty and social exclusion. Moreover, coping strategies of vulnerable rural inhabitants are investigated.

Topic:
urban and rural studies, regions, social inequalities, standard of living
Department:
Local and regional studies
Type of publication:
Peer-reviewed journal article