Found 432 publications (displayed results 61 - 80)

Za posledních dvacet let došlo v České republice k zásadnímu nárůstu počtu studentů na vysokých školách. Jedním z důsledků je, že v naší populaci vzrostly podíly osob s ukončeným vysokoškolským vzděláním na dvojnásobek. Prudký rozvoj vzdělávacího systému vyvolává řadu otázek. Mění se vztah mezi vzděláním, chováním, hodnotami a postoji? Rozevřela se v posledních třech desetiletích propast mezi lidmi s nižším a vyšším vzděláním, nebo se naopak rozdíly mezi nimi stírají?

Topic: value orientations, wages and incomes, politics (and political attitudes), family, social inequalities, education, lifestyle

Type of publication: MonographDepartment: Value Orientations in Society

Globální svět čelí vážným společenským problémům, jejichž dopady můžeme vidět i v Evropě. Evropská unie, jejímž hlavním posláním je udržování míru a prosperity v rámci všech členských států, se ukázala být velmi nesourodým uskupením, které jen těžko nachází shodu na řešení komplexních problémů, jako je například i stále probíhající migrační krize.

Topic: trust/social cohesion, EU, value orientations, identity, crime, migration and mobility, civil society, politics (and political attitudes)

Type of publication: MonographDepartment: Value Orientations in Society

This study examines the role of cognitive skills on labor market outcomes in 14 developed countries. In contrast to standard Mincer-type regressions, we utilize a structuralmodeling approach that can take into account different types of skills on different economic outcomes. The results, based on data from the OECD PIAAC project, provide

Topic: economics, wages and incomes, social inequalities, education

Type of publication: Article with impact factorDepartment: Value Orientations in Society

Topic: value orientations, education

Type of publication: Chapter in monographDepartment: Value Orientations in Society

Subjective well-being is usually studied with respect to marital and occupational status, income or subjective health. Conversely, research examining the relationship between this phenomenon and crime-related factors is still relatively limited. This study therefore aims to extend the current knowledge in this area.

Topic: gender, crime

Type of publication: Peer-reviewed journal articleDepartment: Value Orientations in Society

The main objective of the study is threefold: first, to examine the role of attractiveness in the Czech labour market; second, to assess gender differences in returns of attractiveness; and third, to show that the positive association between attractiveness and earnings does not disappear even when cognitive skills, social background, occupational status and individual characteristics are controlled for.

Topic: economics, gender, wages and incomes, education

Type of publication: Article with impact factorDepartment: Value Orientations in Society

Research on adolescent fear of crime is still relatively limited and often simply applies theoretical explanations proposed for adults. This study strives to extend current knowledge in this field by analyzing the impact of parenting style on fear of crime, namely parental attachment, parental supervision, and parental support of adolescent autonomy, while also considering possible gender differences.

Topic: gender, crime

Type of publication: Article with impact factorDepartment: Value Orientations in Society

This article offers a concise overview of composite indices and public opinion surveys measuring corruption perception and bribery on the European level and ascertains their quality and usefulness based on several criteria.

Topic: corruption, methodology

Type of publication: Article with impact factorDepartment: Value Orientations in Society

The main objective of the paper is threefold: first, to examine the role of physical attractiveness in the labour market in the broader context of economic and sociological theory; second, to assess gender differences in returns to beauty; and third, to show that the empirical evidence on gender differences in returns to beauty that has to date prevailingly come from North America cannot be applied to Europe without further examination.

Topic: gender, wages and incomes

Type of publication: Article with impact factorDepartment: Value Orientations in Society

Purpose – Consistent with dual-process models of behaviour, Miles (2015) has shown that Schwartz’ basic values can provide a valuable framework for empirically analysing the role of values and cultural contexts in driving human behaviour.

Topic: gender, value orientations, education

Type of publication: Peer-reviewed journal articleDepartment: Value Orientations in Society

This article investigates and tests the relationship between values (PVQ scale) and personality traits (NEO-FFI) using non-recursive structural modelling while controlling for other potentially significant variables (e.g. age, gender, attractiveness, cognitive skills), an approach that is proposed as an alternative to correlation and regression analyses, which are more common in this type of psychological research.

Topic: value orientations

Type of publication: Article with impact factorDepartment: Value Orientations in Society

Topic: trust/social cohesion, gender, human relations, social capital

Type of publication: Chapter in monographDepartment: Value Orientations in Society

Topic: wages and incomes, lifestyle

Type of publication: Chapter in monographDepartment: Value Orientations in Society

Topic: social inequalities, education

Type of publication: Chapter in monographDepartment: Value Orientations in Society

This paper is pursuing two main objectives. Firstly, to map the impact of higher education on shaping literacy and numeracy cognitive competencies. And secondly, to compare the financial returns to tertiary bachelor and master education and cognitive skills acquired at this level of education among 17 countries participating in the international survey of adult skills PIAAC (2011 – 2012). Particular emphasis is placed on assessing the returns to various fields of study.

Topic: economics, wages and incomes, education

Type of publication: Article with impact factorDepartment: Value Orientations in Society

In the Czech Republic, the context for starting a family has changed dramatically since the fall of communism in late 1989. Fewer Czechs are getting married, and if they do, they do so at a later age. Cohabitation has become a long-term household arrangement in which children are raised. Today, marriage is not the only socially acceptable form of a shared life among Czech couples.

Topic: value orientations, family

Type of publication: Chapter in monographDepartment: Value Orientations in Society

This paper analyses the Control of corruption as measured by the World Bank and the possible causes for the level of corruption on a European level.

Topic: value orientations, corruption, religion and religiosity

Type of publication: Chapter in monographDepartment: Value Orientations in Society

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