Around the world there are various branches of socio-economic research that make work and jobs their focus object of study. This interest has been heightened by the current economic recession, which has increased the risk of unemployment and raises questions about future changes in the area of the labour force and employment. In contrast, this area is under-researched in the Czech Republic. The main task of the project is thus to provide a rich picture of the current behaviour of the Czech labour force, with a particular focus on changes in work perceptions and job-related values. This perspective reflects the fact that in periods of uncertainty, values and behavioural factors become increasingly important. We intend to analyse various sociological and statistical surveys which enable comparisons across time and countries. In addition to available datasets, the 2015 ISSP module on Work Orientations, which is to include questions about the current situation in the Czech Republic, will be implemented during work on the project.
Further, the following sources of empirical data will be used:
The European Values Study (EVS)
The European Social Survey (ESS
The European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS)
Statistics on Income and Living Conditions (EU-SILC)
Project publications (total 5, displaying 1 - 5)
This article contributes to the debate about the impact of the transition on subjective well-being. After reviewing the relevant literature the authors draw on the surveys of the European Values Study of 1991, 1999 and 2008 to describe the trends in life satisfaction in 13 Western and 11 Eastern countries. The analysis finds that life satisfaction levels in transition countries have come to approach those in the West: the ‘rather unhappy’ 1990s were followed by the ‘rather happy’ 2000s.
While poverty has long been a phenomenon closely related to the life cycle of family, in recent decades is increasingly dependent on the economic participation of household members. In addition, this change in post-communist countries is associated with the economic and social transformation, which has led to an increasing income inequality. The study of relationships between work intensity and poverty is only at its beginning in transition countries.
The article deals with life and job satisfaction of the Czech working-age population. First it highlights concepts of happiness and satisfaction within the emerging multidimensional approaches to individual and societal well-being. Then, it resumes the data sources of those measures, with specific attention to the Module on Subjective Well-being of the survey EU-SILC.
Kamila Fialová, Dana Hamplová, Martina Mysíková, Zdeněk R. Nešpor, Jiří Večerník (editor). Work, Values, Well-being. Czech Reality in a European Context. Prague, Institute of Sociology, Czech Academy of Sciences, 2016, 416 p.
This article explores the development of part-time employment in Central and Eastern Europe compared to Western Europe. The analysis of panel data reveals the role of part-time work determinants on the macro level and their different effects on part-time employment in the two groups of countries. The large set of determinants includes business cycle, labour market institutions and structural factors.