The subject of this sociological project is support for the social acceptance of the institutional mechanisms designed for the enforcement of the principle of egual opportunities for men and women in the public sphere. The project provides targeted user groups with access to research results, fosters public understanding and social confidence in topics of gender, and develops effective social intervention in gendered social practise. The project output will evaluate the impact of this intervention on taboo issues and on the process of enforcing a scientific line of reasoning in social discourses relating to important issues in the lives of Czech women and men, and will critically assess the real benefit in the transfer of gender-related findings, data and research studies. The research focus of this applied project corresponds to the necessity of strengthening the credibility and importance of science and research for addressing pressing and socially urgent issues in the contemporary world.
Publikace vydané v rámci projektu (celkem 80, zobrazeno 11 - 20)
Sexual harassment in the workplace is an important issue not just in terms of the seriousness of cases but also in terms of the frequency of incidence and the inadequacy of recourse options. In the cases of sexual harassment the majority of the victims are women, and the majority of the initiators or culprits are men.
The chapter shows the results of a qualitative research of sexual harassment in the workplace. It is based partly on six case studies – biographic narrations of victims, and partly on fifteen semi-standardized interviews with Human Resources managers of different Czech organizations.
The chapter deals with the Trade Unions as the prominent actors in the labour market which should protect employees against diffrent types of discrimination as well as be helpful in solving issues relating to sexual harrasment in the workplace.
The critical attention feminists have paid to the concept of citizenship has significantly contributed to the con¬temporary political imagination of citizenship.
Authors examine insti¬tutional contexts, ideologies and practices that have sha¬ped citizenship of women in various socio-economic, ethnic and national groups in Czech society since 1940s. They challenge static descriptions of gender relations in the communist societies in Europe. The continuity of discourse, practices, and institutions before and after 1989 is highlighted, de¬monstrating how difficult it is for cultural and institutional changes to take place.
The authors argue that the recognition of care and carers in society requires rethinking of the citizenship paradigm focused on paid work and ideal of the independent individual. The obstacles for gender equity are addressed by examining the social organisation of childcare as a paradigmatic example of male (and also ethnic and class) bias in the construction of social citizenship as it is applied in most European states.
The chapter is focused on the development of the position of women in the labour market and on the development of the conditions for work-life balance in the workplace historically from the 1950s to the present. We argue that the high employment of women does not automatically imply women’s emancipation and fulfilment of their rights as citizens in a society based on a gender contract with the gendered arrangements of work and care as conflicting spheres.
We argue that despite the assumption that there was a cohesive ideology of care during the communist regime, changes in ideologies, institutional settings and practices of childcare came about in Czechoslovakia in different decades. Reasons for post-1989 childcare in Czech society (and other postcommunist countries contradicting declination of male breadwinner) are rooted in past.
The position of Czech institutions towards lone-parenthood changed substantially over the course of last half of the 20th century. The main changes that did take place were at the level of public and professional discourse and at the level of social policies. The chapter describes those changes and analyses the main difficulties that one-parent families in Czech Republic faced during this period.
In this chapter the authors focus on the integration of foreigners into so-called ‘core’ institutions, which determine a migrant’s socioeconomic status, opportunities, and available resources. Special attention is given to the access to the social security system, to the health care system, to the education system, and last but not least to the labour market.