The subject of this sociological project is support for the social acceptance of the institutional mechanisms designed for the enforcement of the principle of egual opportunities for men and women in the public sphere. The project provides targeted user groups with access to research results, fosters public understanding and social confidence in topics of gender, and develops effective social intervention in gendered social practise. The project output will evaluate the impact of this intervention on taboo issues and on the process of enforcing a scientific line of reasoning in social discourses relating to important issues in the lives of Czech women and men, and will critically assess the real benefit in the transfer of gender-related findings, data and research studies. The research focus of this applied project corresponds to the necessity of strengthening the credibility and importance of science and research for addressing pressing and socially urgent issues in the contemporary world.
Publikace vydané v rámci projektu (celkem 80, zobrazeno 21 - 30)
The paper focuses on organisations and the conditions for working parents in terms of combining work and care and how those conditions are set up and negotiated in organisations. The research draws on three case studies comparing pairs of companies active in the Czech Republic and in one of the following countries – Germany, France, and Sweden – in the field of engineering.
What factors influence fertility plans of young childless men and women? Opportunities to engage in other activities than parenting and the change of ideal age for entering parenthood legitimate postponement of childbearing. Postponement of childbearing becomes a factor promoting childbearing being considered in relation to other aspects of one’s life though.
The article reviews cultural and structural explanations of low fertility in Central and Eastern Europe. Then it answers the following questions: What factors have influenced decisions on (not) entering parenthood in the Czech Republic? Has the importance of any factor increased in the post-socialist period? Why have young childless 25-35 years old Czechs not entered into parenthood(yet)? Do they reject parenthood, postpone parenting or have no childbearing plans (yet)?
The article focuses on changes in availability and use of childcare and pre-school facilities after the Second World War in the Czech society during different periods of communist regime and during the post-1989 era. It studies how they are embedded in context of women’s participation on the labour market, gender roles, social policies, fertility rates, public debates on care and fears of population decline.
Author describes Czech women’s civic organizing focused on gender equality and women’s rights since the WWII and explains its development in context of state socialist regime, foreign donors´ impact on the organizing during the socio-economic and political transformation of the first part of the 1990s, and current process of formalization of Czech women’s civic groups that has been brought by the period of Czech Republic’s preparation for the EU accession.
Authors focus on Czech women’s organizing in recent years within context of increasing pressure on organizations to professionalize and become project-and reform-oriented. They discuss reasons for and consequences of changes in funding and orientation that have accompanied European enlargement. Then, they turn to a closer look at the interplay between increasingly professionalized women’s NGOs and explicitly anti-institutional groups of anarchofeminists.
The authors of the article argue against the article by Martin Hájek, Jiří Kabele a Kateřina Vojtíšková „Zázemí“ a „bojiště“ v usilování o spravedlnost: textová analýza odborářské, feministické a lidskoprávní mediální komunikace. The contestation concerns mainly the construction of the feminist justice discourse for purposes of quantitative text analysis and its one-sided interpretation.
The article consists of an analysis of the influence of the EU enlargement on women's NGOs and women's groups in the Czech Republic. Mainly, processes of professionalization, project-orientation and reform-orientation of women's NGOs are analyzed as consequences of Czech Republic's accession to the EU.
Author informs about the international conference Gendering Democracy in an Enlarged Europe and about international research project Enlargement, gender and governance that was closed by the conference in 2005 in Prague.
Using firm-level data from the Czech Republic in the years 1998, 2002, and 2004, we examine whether the introduction of legislative measures for gender equality connected with the accession to the European Union had significant effects on gender wage gaps. The central conclusion of our analysis is that within-job wage discrimination is a significant factor in the Czech labor market and that there were no substantive changes during the period studied.